How to Clean a Muzzleloader Properly (Updated on Feb 2024)

Let’s learn How to Clean a Muzzleloader in this article.

As its name suggests, a muzzleloader is a weapon in which the round is fired directly off the muzzle. 

To name a few, the closed-breech muzzleloaders I’ll be utilizing in this post are a current – format like muskets, snaplocks, etc.

My grandfather, an ardent hunter, decided to give muzzleloading a shot last summer after an unsuccessful standard firearm hunting season in the past few years.

The shooting period was extended by two weeks when he participated in the muzzleloader session. If this season fails, there is the possibility of him trying archery. 4 months are spent in that region.

Thompson/Center, a subsidiary of Smith & Wesson, manufactures the inline muzzleloader known as the Omega Z5; this is a recent version. 

The movable breach, a newly-patentable design, is the key to this system’s success. Researchers think this is a very clever arrangement of things. 

The breach is opened, and the priming pocket is exposed when the trigger guard is tugged hard enough. This is followed by swinging the trigger guard and barrel back up and locking them into alignment. 

Both the outdoors and indoors are good places to cleanse a muzzleloader. I’ve outlined both methods in detail hereunder.

2 Ways to take Care of a Muzzleloader

  1. Clean the muzzleloader’s cylinder with a gouge and a cleansing patch. Ensure the weapon is empty as well as unprimed before actually servicing it. 

Depending on the caliber of the gun, users might want to utilize a jag that is particularly designed to fit the cylinder. Put the tip of the jag onto the ramrod to secure it. 

Set a cleansing patch on the pistol’s end stop after soaking it in a bore solution. The jag should now be in the rifle’s bore. 

This means that the component will be dragged along with the jag, which would fit snugly in the barrel. Make a series of rotations vertically and horizontally to the bore to dislodge the buildup. 

To finish drying the bore and eliminate the remaining clogging, substitute the damp patch with a dried one. Continue until a solitary dry area remains that seems spotless.

  1. Use a stiff-bristled brushing to cleanse the breach component. Each carbonation or other buildup in the priming pocket should be inspected. 

Cleanse the priming chamber and breech block using a stiff-bristled brushing or swab, and spray a small amount of solvent to the bristle if necessary to remove any remaining carbonation.

Cleanse the breech with a clean patch or fabric and remove stray debris. A complete cleansing must be performed if the muzzleloader is soiled that field cleansing is no longer adequate.

Also check: Best Muzzleloader gun cleaning kit

How to Clean a Muzzleloader Properly

Step 1

muzzleloader’s breech stopper

The muzzleloader’s breech stopper should be cleaned. Ensure absolutely that the gun is empty and unloaded before using it. 

Slide the trigger shield downward and forwards to release the breech. The breech plug can be removed by rotating the breech plug adjuster in the opposite direction of the clock. 

Following the breech plug has been withdrawn, it should be cleaned with a stiff brush and bore solution to eliminate any remaining clogging. 

The threads in the breech plug’s bore should also be cleaned. Ensure the breech plug is clean and properly greased with anti-seize lubrication before installing it. 

Wait until you’ve cleaned the muzzleloader’s bore before replacing it.

Step 2

Use a steamy soapy solution to cleanse the muzzleloader’s bore. The cleansing jag is attached to the ramrod once the breach stopper has been popped out. 

Fill a 12-gallon container halfway full of warm, soapy liquid and get to work cleaning. The rifle’s muzzle should be submerged in the container of liquid at this point. 

Then, using one hand on the rifle’s buttstock, push the ramrod, connected to the cleaning jag and dry patches, into the warm soapy liquid. 

Scoop the water upwards into the bore by rapidly moving the ramrod back and forwards. 

Step 3

The jag, as well as a drying patch, can be used to dry out the bore. Then, together with jag and ramrod, a couple of clean patches into the bore to ensure that the clogging is completely removed. 

When the muzzleloader’s barrel is clean, insert finely oiled patching into the bore to prevent it from rusting while it is being kept. 

Be mindful not to over-oil the bore, as this might lead to obstructions. Keep an eye out for any oil leaks by shining a flashlight into the cylinder’s bore.

Step 4

Make sure the pistol is clean and lubricated before using it. The last procedure is to use a slightly greased, lint-free rag to clean off the ramrod, jag, as well as the remainder of the rifle. 

When the weapon is not in use, this may help to prevent corrosion. Following the breech plug has been cleansed, reinstall it and rethread everything into the breach with care, using anti-seize lubrication on the threading. 

Do not cross-thread it, either. Finally, spray the discharge pin with a moisture-displacing oil employing a straw-pointed swab. Ensure that everything functions before moving on.

Maintaining a Muzzleloader: What You Need to Know

Before cleaning the muzzleloader, check to ensure it is emptied and primed.

Do not apply excessive grease or oil while greasing the weapon. Congealing might delay or prevent an anvil in seating completely in cooler environments.

Make absolutely certain the barrel is totally dried after washing it with a warm detergent solution, and only then should you add a mild grease to the bore.

Before inserting the breech plug, check that the breech plug threads are aligned. Breech plugs that aren’t correctly placed could cause serious damage.

Cleaning the muzzleloader is critical to its performance.

After every day’s firing has concluded, the field is recommended to be cleaned as a portion of a routine management program.

Users should thoroughly cleanse the rifle following the campaign before storing it for long durations

Make sure users handle and keep the muzzleloader in a well-aired space.


We hope that everything went fine when you followed the steps given in this article. Take away these key points to get the job done in a proper way.

Before washing your muzzleloader, make absolutely sure it is both empty and unprimed. Use mild grease or oil while lightly lubricating your firearm.

It can coagulate in chilly conditions, slowing or completely stopping your hammer from seating. Before putting a mild oil to the bore after cleaning the barrel with warm soapy water, ensure it is totally dry.

Before putting the muzzle plugin, double-check that the threads are properly aligned. Breech plugs fitted incorrectly might be fatal.

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I'm an passionate gun cleaning expert from NY US. My goal is to save you time by doing the leg work for you and putting all the essential information in one location to be confident about the cleaning your gun.

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